agnosia

Agnosia

Agnosia is a violation of the recognition of visual, auditory or tactile sensations during the normal functioning of the perceiving apparatus. According to the localization of the cerebral cortex lesion, the condition is characterized by a lack of understanding of what is seen, heard, unrecognition of objects when feeling, a disorder of perception of one’s…

Agenesis of the corpus callosum

Agenesis of the corpus callosum

Agenesis of the corpus callosum is the congenital absence of the corpus callosum or part of it. The anomaly is caused by genetic disorders, vascular malformations, teratogenic factors. The main signs of the disease: motor disorders, delayed speech development, convulsive seizures. With a non-rough (partial) variant of pathology, a low-symptomatic course is possible. To diagnose…

Medication headache

Medication headache

Medication headache is a chronic cephalgia (headache) of a secondary nature that occurs against the background of constant use of an anesthetic in the presence of migraines and other cephalgic syndromes. It is characterized by a constant squeezing headache of moderate intensity. Medication cephalgia is diagnosed clinically with the help of an observation diary. Instrumental…

Brain abscess

Brain abscess

Brain abscess is a limited accumulation of pus in the cranial cavity. There are three types of abscesses: intracerebral, subdural and epidural. The symptoms of a brain abscess depend on its location and size. They are not specific and can constitute a clinic of any volume education. A brain abscess is diagnosed according to CT…

absense

Absense

Absense is a separate form of epileptic paroxysms, occurring with a short-term blackout without visible convulsions. It can be accompanied by disorders of muscle tone (atony, hypertonicity, myoclonia) and simple automatism. It is often combined with other forms of epileptic seizures. The basis of diagnosis is electroencephalography. To detect organic changes in brain structures, cerebral…

abdominal migraine

Abdominal Migraine

Abdominal migraine is a paroxysmal idiopathic disorder characterized by episodes of pain in the central part of the abdomen lasting 1-72 hours. A painful attack is accompanied by dyspeptic, vasomotor phenomena. Abdominal migraine is diagnosed on the basis of clinical symptoms after excluding possible causal pathology from the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, and brain. Treatment involves…

malignant hyperthermia

Malignant Hyperthermia

Malignant hyperthermia is a condition characterized by acute hypermetabolism of skeletal muscles. Occurs under the influence of drugs for inhalation anesthesia, caffeine, succinylcholine, stressful situations. It manifests itself in the form of metabolic, cardiovascular, and muscular disorders. Later, DIC syndrome develops, multiple organ failure. The diagnosis is made on the basis of the clinical picture,…

Fat embolism

Fat Embolism

Fat embolism is a multiple occlusion of blood vessels by lipid globules. It manifests itself in the form of respiratory failure, damage to the central nervous system, the retina of the eye. The main symptoms include headache, encephalopathy, floating eyeballs, paralysis, paresis, chest pain, shortness of breath, tachycardia. The diagnosis is made on the basis…

Anti-aging foods

Anti-aging foods

Scientists have not yet come to a consensus on why we are aging. But they agree that, according to all clinical signs, aging is a disease. The so-called “age-related human involution”, as a result of which the body intensively degrades and loses the ability to maintain an ideal state of operability of systems, leads to…