kidney agenesis

Kidney agenesis

Kidney agenesis is a malformation of the urinary system, consisting in the congenital absence of one or two kidneys. Isolated unilateral anomaly is asymptomatic, sometimes accompanied by secondary arterial hypertension. With bilateral agenesis, anuria develops, the newborn dies in utero or shortly after birth. The anomaly is diagnosed according to prenatal ultrasound of the fetus,…

kidney abscess

Kidney abscess

Kidney abscess is a complication of pyelonephritis, which is an intrarenal infection process limited by a pseudocapsule. Symptoms are variable, including pain in the lumbar region, fever, hemodynamic instability, pronounced manifestations of intoxication. Diagnostics is based on the determination of pathogens in blood and urine culture cultures, kidney CT, ultrasound examination. Conservative treatment – massive…

ankle arthritis

Ankle Arthritis

Ankle arthritis is an acute or chronic inflammatory process affecting the anatomical structures that form the articulation of the bones of the lower leg with the foot. With disease joint, there is pain, hyperemia, hyperthermia and swelling in the joint area, limited mobility of the foot. The diagnosis is based on the data of the…

arachnodactyly

Arachnodactyly

Arachnodactyly is a congenital deformity of the fingers of the hand, manifested by their elongation, thinning and characteristic curvature. It is a symptom of some hereditary diseases, usually combined with elongation of tubular bones, other skeletal deformities, changes in the eyes and cardiovascular system. The diagnosis is made on the basis of local examination data.…

antiphospholipid syndrome

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome is an autoimmune pathology based on the formation of antibodies to phospholipids, which are the main lipid components of cell membranes. Antiphospholipid syndrome can be manifested by venous and arterial thrombosis, arterial hypertension, valvular heart defects, obstetric pathology (habitual miscarriage, fetal death, gestosis), skin lesions, thrombocytopenia, hemolytic anemia. The main diagnostic markers of…