MODY diabetes

MODY diabetes

MODY diabetes is a group of clinically similar forms of diabetes mellitus with an autosomal dominant inheritance pathway. The disease manifests itself in childhood and adolescence. The main symptoms are frequent urge to urinate and an increase in urine volume, increased thirst and appetite, weight loss, redness of the skin, an increase in body temperature.…

LADA diabetes

LADA diabetes

LADA diabetes is a slowly progressive disorder of carbohydrate metabolism of autoimmune origin, manifesting in adulthood. The symptoms are similar to the manifestations of diabetes mellitus in general: increased thirst, polyuria, pollakiuria, hunger, constant fatigue and drowsiness. Weight loss is characteristic. Diagnostics is carried out by laboratory methods, including the determination of blood glucose, HbA1c,…

analgesic nephropathy

Analgesic Nephropathy

Analgesic nephropathy is a tubulointerstitial kidney injury caused by prolonged use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (mainly based on phenacetin, to a lesser extent – ibuprofen, indomethacin, sodium metamizole, acetylsalicylic acid). It is characterized by slowly progressive renal failure against the background of damage to other organs caused by side effects of NSAIDs – stomach pain,…

kidney amyloidosis

Kidney Amyloidosis

Kidney amyloidosis is a manifestation of systemic amyloidosis, characterized by a violation of protein-carbohydrate metabolism with extracellular deposition of amyloid in the renal tissue – a complex protein-polysaccharide compound that leads to organ dysfunction. Pathology proceeds with the development of nephrotic syndrome (proteinuria, edema, hypo- and dysproteinemia, hypercholesterolemia) and the outcome in chronic renal failure.…

alcoholic nephropathy

Alcoholic Nephropathy

Alcoholic nephropathy is a chronic kidney injury of an inflammatory nature, which is based on autoimmune mechanisms induced by exposure to ethyl alcohol and its metabolites on the body. The severity of symptoms depends on the type of pathology, the asymptomatic course prevails until the development of signs of chronic renal failure, in some forms…

renal adenocarcinoma

Renal Adenocarcinoma

Renal adenocarcinoma is a renal cell carcinoma originating from the epithelium of the renal tubules. Manifestations are lower back pain, hematuria, kidney enlargement, anemia, cachexia. The tumor may metastasize to the lungs, paracaval and paraaortic lymph nodes, bones, liver, adrenal glands, and the opposite kidney. Pathology is diagnosed during ultrasound of the kidneys, cystoscopy, excretory…