aplastic anemia

Aplastic Anemia

Aplastic anemia is an inhibition of the hematopoiesis function of the red bone marrow (erythrocytopoiesis, leukopoiesis and thrombocytopoiesis), leading to pangemocytopenia. The main clinical manifestations of the hematological syndrome include dizziness, weakness, fainting, shortness of breath, tingling in the chest, skin hemorrhages, bleeding, a tendency to develop infectious-inflammatory and purulent processes. The disease is diagnosed…

diamond-blackfan anemia

Diamond-Blackfan Anemia

Diamond-Blackfan anemia is a hereditary form of red cell aplasia with a reliably unexplored type of inheritance (an autosomal dominant type of inheritance is assumed to occur in a quarter of patients). The symptoms of the disease are anemic manifestations that occur, as a rule, during the first year of life – pallor, weakness, increased…

agranulocytosis

Agranulocytosis

Agranulocytosis is a clinical and hematological syndrome, which is based on a sharp decrease or absence of neutrophil granulocytes among the cellular elements of peripheral blood. The disease is accompanied by the development of infectious processes, sore throat, ulcerative stomatitis, pneumonia, hemorrhagic manifestations. Of the complications, sepsis, hepatitis, mediastinitis, peritonitis are frequent. Of paramount importance…

actinic cheilitis

Actinic Cheilitis

Actinic cheilitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the lips that occurs due to pathological sensitivity (sensitization) to the effects of ultraviolet light. It is characterized by a burning sensation, itching, stagnant hyperemia, swelling and peeling of the red border of the lips. Actinic cheilitis is diagnosed on the basis of anamnesis, symptoms detected during…

adentia

Adentia

Adentia is a complete or partial absence of teeth resulting from their loss or an anomaly in the development of the dental system. The disease is characterized by a violation of the continuity of the dentition, the function of chewing and speech, a cosmetic defect; in severe cases – deformation of the facial skeleton, TMJ…

salivary gland adenoma

Salivary Gland Adenoma

Salivary gland adenoma is a benign formation that develops from the epithelial cells of the excretory ducts of the small and large salivary glands. It is accompanied by the appearance of a painless rounded node in the projection of the gland. With a significant size of the neoplasm, facial asymmetry, swelling, aching pains, skin paresthesia…

tongue abscess

Tongue Abscess

Tongue abscess is a local purulent-necrotic inflammation characterized by the formation of an abscess surrounded by an infiltrative capsule in the thickness of the tongue. Tongue abscess manifests itself as malaise, an increase in body temperature, painful swelling of the tongue, difficulty talking, eating and even breathing. Pathology is diagnosed on the basis of the signs…