friedreichs ataxia

Friedreich’s Ataxia

Friedreich’s ataxia is a genetic disease associated with impaired transport of iron from mitochondria and occurs with a predominant lesion of cells of the central and peripheral nervous system, cardiomyocytes, beta cells of the pancreas, bone tissue cells and retina. Friedreich’s ataxia is diagnosed using MRI of the brain and spinal cord, neurophysiological studies, and…

ataxic cerebral palsy

Ataxic Cerebral Palsy

Ataxic cerebral palsy is a type of cerebral palsy that occurs when the cerebellum or the frontal-bridge-cerebellar pathway is affected. The risk of developing pathology increases with prematurity, the action of teratogenic factors, birth trauma. The atactic form of paralysis is manifested by muscular hypotension, ataxia, cerebellar dysarthria, as well as intellectual disabilities of varying…

ataxia

Ataxia

Ataxia is a disorder of coordination of movements; a very common violation of motor skills. The strength in the limbs is slightly reduced or completely preserved. Movements become inaccurate, awkward, their continuity and sequence are upset, the balance in the standing and walking position is disturbed. Static ataxia is a violation of balance in a…

astrocytoma

Astrocytoma

Astrocytoma is a primary intracerebral neuroepithelial (glial) tumor originating from stellate cells (astrocytes). Disease can have different degrees of malignancy. Its manifestations depend on the localization and are divided into general (weakness, loss of appetite, headaches) and focal (hemiparesis, hemihypesthesia, coordination disorders, hallucinations, speech disorders, behavior changes). Astrocytoma is diagnosed on the basis of clinical data,…

asthenia

Asthenia

Asthenia (asthenic syndrome) is a gradually developing psychopathological disorder that accompanies many diseases of the body. Asthenia is manifested by fatigue, decreased mental and physical performance, sleep disorders, increased irritability or vice versa, lethargy, emotional instability, vegetative disorders. A thorough interview of the patient, a study of his psycho-emotional and mnestic sphere allows to identify…

atlas assimilation

Atlas Assimilation

Atlas assimilation is a partial or complete fusion of the I cervical vertebra and the occipital bone of the skull. Atlanta assimilation may not be accompanied by clinically significant disorders. In other cases, it leads to compression of the structures of the craniovertebral region (upper cervical spinal cord and medulla oblongata), limited mobility in the…

brain aspergillosis

Brain Aspergillosis

Brain aspergillosis is a fungal lesion of brain tissues caused by aspergillus. It occurs mainly in patients with immunosuppressive conditions against the background of blood diseases, malignant tumors, organ transplantation, prolonged glucocorticoid treatment. It is manifested by weakness, nausea, fever, headache, focal neurological symptoms. Aspergillosis is diagnosed according to the results of neurological examination, MRI…

spinal arteriovenous malformations

Spinal Arteriovenous Malformations

Spinal arteriovenous malformations are congenital vascular formations of spinal localization. They consist of abnormally altered vessels shunting blood from the arterial network into the venous one, bypassing the capillaries. They are latent. Manifest symptoms of spinal hemorrhage, radicular pain, progressive motor disorders. Diagnosis is based on clinical, tomographic and angiographic data. Neurosurgical treatment: endovascular obliteration, open…

arteriovenous malformations

Arteriovenous Malformations

Arteriovenous malformations are congenital anomalies of cerebral vessels characterized by the formation of a local vascular conglomerate in which there are no capillary vessels, and the arteries pass directly into the veins. Arteriovenous malformations are manifested by persistent headaches, epileptic syndrome, intracranial bleeding with rupture of malformation vessels. Diagnosis is carried out using CT and MRI…