amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a neurodegenerative disease that is accompanied by the death of central and peripheral motor neurons. The main manifestations of the disease are skeletal muscle atrophy, fasciculations, spasticity, hyperreflexia, pathological pyramidal signs in the absence of pelvic and oculomotor disorders. It is characterized by a steadily progressive course, leading to a fatal…

laryngeal vertigo

Laryngeal vertigo

Laryngeal vertigo is a transient disturbance of consciousness that occurs at the peak of a coughing fit. The syndrome is manifested by cough syncopations: short-term twilight consciousness, fainting or deep loss of consciousness, sometimes accompanied by convulsions, involuntary urination and defecation. Methods of diagnosis of laryngeal vertigo include questioning, examination of the patient, functional tests,…

Coronavirus can end with arthritis

Coronavirus can end with arthritis

Postcovid syndrome has been associated with the possibility of developing autoimmune diseases. These include multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis One of the severe consequences of the coronavirus may be a compromised immune system, since its functionality will be disrupted due to the battles of white cells with infection. This was known before, but the long-term…

beriberi

Beriberi

Beriberi is a disease caused by insufficient inclusion of thiamine (vitamin B1) in metabolic processes. Most often occurs when there is a deficiency in the intake of B1 with food, a violation of absorption in the gastrointestinal tract. Clinically, beriberi is manifested by bilateral polyneuropathy, cachexia, and cardiovascular disorders. It is possible to develop acute…

basilar migraine

Basilar Migraine

Basilar migraine is a special variant of migraine caused by transient pathological changes in the blood supply area of the basilar artery. A headache attack occurs after an aura, which includes dizziness, ataxia, sensory disorders, visual disturbances, hearing impairment. Diagnosis is carried out by methods of neurological examination, REG, ultrasound or MRI angiography, MRI or CT…

basilar impression

Basilar Impression

Basilar impression is an acquired or congenital indentation into the skull of the occipital bone in the area of the craniovertebral junction. The decrease in the volume of the cranium and cranial (towards the skull) displacement of the spine that occur during basilar impression are the cause of the development of hydrocephalus, cerebellar disorders, disorders…

atypical facial pain

Atypical Facial Pain

Atypical facial pain is a chronic pain in the face that does not meet the criteria of other cranial neuralgias, is not associated with somatic pathologies. According to modern diagnostic criteria, atypical pain should be observed daily for at least two hours a day for three months or longer. The diagnostic program involves consultation with…

athetosis

Athetosis

Athetosis is a separate form of subcortical hyperkinesis characterized by involuntary slow movements in the distal extremities with a change in muscle tone. It can be an integral part of the clinic of perinatal, hypoxic, hereditary-degenerative brain lesions. Athetosis is diagnosed clinically, the underlying disease is clarified on the basis of a study of the…

cerebral atherosclerosis

Cerebral Atherosclerosis

Cerebral atherosclerosis is the process of formation of atherosclerotic plaques inside the cerebral vessels, resulting in disorders of the cerebral blood supply. It may have a subclinical course or manifest itself as dyscirculatory encephalopathy, TIA, stroke. The diagnosis uses REG, ultrasound, duplex scanning or MRI of cerebral vessels, as well as electroencephalography, CT and brain…