Dementia: Five early signs of Alzheimer's disease

Dementia: Five early signs of Alzheimer’s disease. It can start in 40, 50, 60 years

Alzheimer’s disease can start unnoticed. So, one of its signs — forgetfulness — is often attributed to fatigue and stress. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia, a condition in which the brain stops performing its functions. The disease causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior. Experts from the dementia charity Alzheimer’s Research…

refsum disease

Refsum Disease

Refsum disease is a genetically determined disorder of the oxidation of phytanic acid with its accumulation in the tissues of the body, leading to neurological disorders, deterioration of vision, hearing, smell, ichthyous skin changes, heart disorders. It is diagnosed by the level of phytanic acid in the blood and urine, significantly exceeding the norm. Additionally,…

picks disease

Pick’s Disease

Pick’s disease is a variant of senile dementia with atrophic changes localized mainly in the temporal and frontal lobes of the brain. Clinically manifested by a violation of behavior with antisocial tendencies and disinhibition of instincts, progressive decay of cognitive functions. The list of diagnostic measures includes EEG, cerebral vascular ultrasound, Echo-EG, psychiatric consultation, CT,…

parkinsons disease

Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a slowly progressive degenerative disease of the central nervous system, the main manifestations of which are such motor disorders as hypokinesia, muscle rigidity, rest tremor, postural disorders. In addition, vegetative, affective and other disorders develop in Parkinson’s disease. There are true Parkinsonism (Parkinson’s disease) and Parkinsonism syndrome, which can accompany many neurological…

mortons neuroma

Morton’s Neuroma

Morton’s neuroma is a local thickening of the lining of the plantar nerve at the level of its passage between the heads of the metatarsal bones. The resulting neuroma leads to pain in the area of the metatarsal and two toes, which are provoked by wearing shoes squeezing the toes. Diagnosis is carried out on the…

moyamoya disease

Moyamoya Disease

Moyamoya disease is a rare vascular disease, which is a slowly progressive stenosis of the intracranial cerebral arteries, accompanied by the development of bypass collaterals. It is clinically manifested by symptoms of chronic cerebral ischemia, TIA, subarachnoid hemorrhages, ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. When making a diagnosis, the main data are cerebral angiography. Additionally, EEG, MRI…

machado-joseph disease

Machado-Joseph Disease

Machado-Joseph disease is a genetically determined spinocerebellar ataxia, clinically represented by polymorphic combinations of cerebellar syndrome with manifestations of secondary parkinsonism, hyperkinesis, pyramidal disorders in the form of spastic paralysis and ophthalmoplegia, amyotrophy. It is diagnosed on the basis of a thorough study of clinical manifestations in the patient and his relatives, genealogical analysis, MRI…

lafora disease

Lafora Disease

Lafora disease is a hereditary myoclonic epilepsy, in which there is a deposition of polysaccharide substances in various tissues, primarily in cerebral structures. The clinic is dominated by myoclonic paroxysms, generalized epiprimes, progressive dementia, mental disorders and visual disorders. Diagnostics includes assessment of neurological status, visometry, ophthalmoscopy, EEG, brain tomography, examination of skin biopsies. The…

creutzfeldt-jakob disease

Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is a rare degenerative brain disease associated with the accumulation of pathological prion protein in neurons. Clinically, disease is manifested by dementia, pyramidal and extrapyramidal disorders, myoclonia, symptoms of cerebellar damage and visual impairment. The diagnosis is based on a combination of clinical symptoms, EEG data, analysis of cerebrospinal fluid, MRI and PET…