benign rolandic epilepsy

Benign Rolandic Epilepsy

Benign rolandic epilepsy is a genetically determined focal epilepsy associated with age—related hyperexcitability of the cortex of the central temporal region of the brain. Disease is manifested by rare, occurring mainly at night, convulsive seizures in one half of the face, tongue and pharynx; in some cases, generalized seizures. The diagnosis is established on the…

dyscirculatory encephalopathy

Dyscirculatory Encephalopathy

Dyscirculatory encephalopathy is a brain lesion that occurs as a result of a chronic slowly progressive violation of cerebral circulation of various etiologies. Disease is manifested by a combination of cognitive impairment with disorders of the motor and emotional spheres. Depending on the severity of these manifestations, pathology is divided into 3 stages. The list…

Myotonic dystrophy Curschmann-Steinert

Myotonic dystrophy Curschmann-Steinert is a hereditary slowly progressive disease based on a defect of myotonin—protein kinase, which leads to the development of myotonia in combination with dystrophic changes in muscle tissue. The disease is manifested by myotonic spasms, atrophic changes in the muscles of the neck, face and distal extremities, decreased intelligence, arrhythmias and endocrine…

brain dislocation

Brain Dislocation

Brain dislocation is the displacement of cerebral structures in a limited intracranial space. The clinic is characterized by a combination of varying degrees of impaired consciousness with focal neurological deficit. Respiratory disorders and palpitations are possible. Diagnosis is carried out on the basis of anamnesis, symptoms, neurological examination, results of Echo-EG, CT or MRI of…

discogenic myelopathy

Discogenic Myelopathy

Discogenic myelopathy is a dystrophic disease of the spinal cord caused by its compression and ischemia as a result of compression of a herniated disc. Disease, depending on the level of lesion, is manifested by spastic and sluggish paresis, sensitivity disorders, pelvic disorders. Diagnosis of myelopathy caused by a herniated disc includes neurological examination, X-ray…

diastematomyelia

Diastematomyelia

Diastematomyelia is a partial or complete splitting of the spinal cord by a longitudinal septum into two halves, each of which contains a central canal. A congenital anomaly usually affects the lumbar-thoracic spine, is characterized by skin manifestations, neurological and orthopedic disorders, and is accompanied by other neural tube defects. Pathology is diagnosed by physical…

diabetic encephalopathy

Diabetic Encephalopathy

Diabetic encephalopathy is a diffuse degenerative brain lesion that occurs against the background of diabetes mellitus. It is characterized by memory impairment, a decrease in the intellectual sphere, neurosis-like changes, asthenia, vegetative-vascular dysfunction, focal symptoms. It is diagnosed in diabetics as a result of neurological examination, complex analysis of EEG, REG, and cerebral MRI data.…