mild cognitive impairment

Mild Cognitive Impairment

Mild cognitive impairment is a slight decrease in the cognitive functions of the patient compared to a higher premorbid level. The symptoms remain objectively invisible, but the patients themselves complain of forgetfulness, difficulty concentrating, fatigue during mental work. Diagnosis involves a pathopsychological and neuropsychological study of the intellectual sphere, a conversation with a psychiatrist, an…

lacunar stroke

Lacunar Stroke

Lacunar stroke is an ischemic stroke that covers a small area of cerebral tissues, in which a lacuna is then formed. The foci of stroke can be multiple in nature. The clinical picture consists of various focal symptoms that do not reach a severe degree of severity. In the future, the progression of cognitive deficits…

intraventricular hemorrhage

Intraventricular Hemorrhage

Intraventricular hemorrhage is one of the types of acute cerebral circulatory disorders – the most common pathology in neurology. The development of hemorrhage in the brain, as a rule, is promoted by untreated persistent hypertension, alcohol abuse, smoking, taking drugs that violate blood clotting. The diagnosis is made on the basis of collecting the patient’s…

cryptococcal meningitis

Cryptococcal Meningitis

Cryptococcal meningitis is an inflammatory lesion of the meninges with cryptococcus. Clinically manifested by symptoms of meningitis, hydrocephalus. When the process spreads to the cerebral tissue, focal disorders are added. Diagnosis is carried out according to the results of lumbar puncture, cerebral CT, MRI, microbiological and serological analyses, immunograms. Therapy is carried out with antimycotic…

crises in myasthenia gravis

Crises in Myasthenia Gravis

Crises in myasthenia gravis are states of acute decompensation of pathology in the form of a paroxysmal violation of vital functions. A sharp increase in muscle weakness is accompanied by respiratory depression, bulbar, cardiovascular disorders. Most often, crises combine signs of myasthenic and cholinergic variants, which gives them a more severe course. The diagnosis uses…

craniopharyngioma

Craniopharyngioma

Craniopharyngioma is a benign cystic–epithelial neoplasm localized in the area of the Turkish saddle, which develops from the remnants of the epithelium of the Ratke pocket. As the tumor progresses and grows, the patient experiences an increase in intracranial pressure, visual impairment, lag in physical and mental development, hypofunction of the adenohypophysis. The most informative…

craniospinal tumors

Craniospinal Tumors

Craniospinal tumors are neoplasms that grow through the large occipital foramen and are located simultaneously in the caudal parts of the brain and the upper spinal segments. Clinically manifested by a disorder of cerebrospinal fluid circulation, focal symptoms of damage to the structures of the posterior cranial fossa and spinal symptoms. Craniospinal tumors are diagnosed…

craniovertebral anomalies

Craniovertebral Anomalies

Craniovertebral anomalies are deviations in the anatomical interposition and structure of the structures of the area of contact of the skull and spine. Often they do not have clinical manifestations. In clinically significant cases, symptoms of intracranial hypertension, lesions of the vertebral artery, compression of the spine, spinal cord or trunk manifest; respiratory disorders are…