sleep disorder

Sleep Disorder

Sleep disorder are a fairly common problem. Frequent complaints about poor sleep are made by 8-15% of the adult population of the entire globe, and 9-11% use various sleeping pills. Moreover, this indicator is much higher among the elderly. Sleep disorder occur at any age and each age category is characterized by its own types…

narcolepsy

Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy is a sleep pathology characterized by a violation of the sequence of sleep phases and the occurrence of a rem sleep phase during wakefulness. The main symptom of the disease is attacks of irresistible sleep, forcing the patient to literally “fall asleep on the spot.” Typical signs of narcolepsy also include cataplexy, sleep paralysis…

muscular dystonia

Muscular Dystonia

Muscular dystonia is a syndrome of central nervous system damage, manifested by inconsistent arrhythmic changes in the tone of various muscle groups. Clinically characterized by focal or generalized involuntary fixed postures or motor acts. Diagnosis is carried out according to clinical data on the presence of dystonic phenomena. Instrumental examinations (MRI, ENMG) are aimed at…

multiple system atrophy

Multiple System Atrophy

Multiple system atrophy is a progressive degenerative pathology of the brain with a predominant lesion of the glial cells of the basal ganglia, cerebellum, and vegetative centers. Clinically manifested by a combination of Parkinsonism with cerebellar, vegetative and pyramidal insufficiency. It is diagnosed mainly according to clinical data, cerebral MRI, orthostatic test, EMG of sphincters…

seasickness

Seasickness

Seasickness is a pathological condition that occurs as a result of sea rolling. It is manifested by nausea, dizziness, cephalgia, vomiting, malaise, deviations in the emotional sphere (apathy / excitement), falling blood pressure, arrhythmia. Diagnosis is carried out on the basis of typical clinical symptoms. For the purpose of professional selection, instrumental methods of vestibular…

cerebellar stroke

Cerebellar Stroke

Cerebellar stroke is an acute violation of cerebral circulation that occurs when the arteries of the cerebellum are blocked or damaged. Neuropathology often develops in patients with hypertension, atherosclerosis, vascular abnormalities. Main symptoms: vestibular disorders, severe headaches, depression of consciousness. For diagnostic purposes, neurological examination, neuroimaging (CT or MRI), laboratory tests are prescribed. To help…

cerebellar ataxia

Cerebellar Ataxia

Cerebellar ataxia is a coordination disorder of motor skills caused by pathology of the cerebellum. Its main manifestations include gait disorder, disproportionality and asinergia of movements, dysdiadochokinesis, handwriting changes by the type of sweeping macrography. Usually cerebellar ataxia is accompanied by chanted speech, intentional trembling, postural tremor of the head and trunk, muscle hypotension. Diagnosis…

mitochondrial myopathies

Mitochondrial Myopathies

Mitochondrial myopathies are a group of muscle diseases that occur as a result of impaired tissue respiration in mitochondrial pathologies. Diseases are manifested by increasing muscle weakness, muscular atrophy, progressive motor disorders, which can be accompanied by seizures, heart lesions, hearing and vision impairment. Diagnostics involves laboratory (examination of muscle biopsies, genetic testing, biochemical analyses),…

myofascial pain syndrome

Myofascial Pain Syndrome

Myofascial pain syndrome is a chronic condition associated with the formation of local seals in the muscle tissue in the form of trigger (pain) points. Pain is provoked by palpation of points, movement, lead to limitation of the motor range, muscle fatigue. Diagnosis is carried out by examination and palpation, according to indications, radiography, studies…