Dentistry is a medical discipline that studies the organs of the oral cavity, their physiological and pathological conditions, as well as deals with the prevention and treatment of diseases of these organs. In the field of dentistry, there are not only diseases of the teeth, but also the entire dental system, as well as the oral mucosa. Along with treatment, modern dentistry pays great attention to the aesthetic side of the issue, striving to create a “perfect smile” for each patient. Dentists attach particular importance to proper oral care as the most effective method of preventing dental diseases.
Based on the methods of treatment, there are specialized areas in dentistry:

  • therapeutic dentistry (treatment of diseases of the enamel and canals of teeth)
  • surgical dentistry (surgical treatment of diseases of the oral cavity)
  • orthopedic dentistry (prosthetics of teeth)
  • orthodontics (bite correction)
  • paradontology (treatment of gum and periodontal diseases – the tissues surrounding the tooth)
pediatric dentistry (development of methods for the treatment of dental diseases, taking into account the anatomical and physiological characteristics of children in different periods of development).

In recent years, new directions have been widely developed in dentistry: implantology and aesthetic dentistry.

Dentistry covers a wide range of diseases. She is engaged in treatment:

  • inflammatory processes of the oral mucosa (stomatitis, gingivitis, glossitis, cheilitis)
  • dental diseases (caries, periodontitis, periodontal disease, pericoronitis, pulpitis, enamel hypoplasia, tartar)
  • pathological processes of the maxillofacial region (maxillary cysts, parotid phlegmons and abscesses, defects of dentition)
  • congenital malformations of the facial region (cleft palate and lip)
  • traumatic damage to teeth (dislocation or fracture of the tooth), jaws, tongue, lips
diseases of the salivary glands, etc.

Oral infections serve as a focus for the spread of pathogens throughout the body. According to the state of the oral cavity, it is possible to judge the state of human health as a whole. According to the Dental Association, 87% of Americans need oral sanitation, which, depending on the indications, includes caries treatment and filling of defects, removal of plaque, stone, roots and teeth, orthodontic and orthopedic treatment.

The most important indicator of the health of the oral cavity and the body as a whole is the condition of the teeth. Their formation occurs during the period of intrauterine development, the eruption of baby teeth – about six months, permanent – in 6-8 years. Permanent teeth that erupted in childhood are given to a person for the rest of his life, so they require special care and attention at all stages of life.

Today dentistry offers painless, safe and highly effective treatment of various diseases of the oral cavity. In the treatment of teeth, modern filling materials are used, as well as tooth-preserving techniques.

They try to resort to tooth extraction as a last resort when it is necessary to eliminate the source of infection in the oral cavity or when it is impossible to save and restore the tooth.

If, nevertheless, the tooth could not be preserved, then high-strength and aesthetic dental prosthetic materials will allow you to accurately recreate the architecture of the tooth and the color of the tooth enamel.

Nowadays, healthy teeth and a beautiful smile are an integral attribute of a person’s well-being and success in society. Aesthetic dentistry is working on creating a perfect “Hollywood” smile. The scope of activity of this area of dentistry includes aesthetic restoration of teeth, their whitening, improvement of shape, size – everything that makes a smile irresistible and flawless.

Today dentistry is one of the most dynamically developing medical sciences: new high-tech techniques and materials appear every year. However, maintaining oral health depends not only on the dentist and modern technologies. In many ways, it is determined by the lifestyle of the patient himself. Restriction of sweets, exclusion of bad habits, high-quality hygiene of teeth and gums, preventive dental examinations will allow you to keep your teeth beautiful and healthy for many years.

The medical directory of diseases on the website “Medic Journal” will give you the opportunity to learn as much as possible about how to resist the threat of tooth loss and what to do if this trouble has already happened.

actinic cheilitis

Actinic Cheilitis

Actinic cheilitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the lips that occurs due to pathological sensitivity (sensitization) to the effects of ultraviolet light. It is characterized by a burning sensation, itching, stagnant hyperemia, swelling and peeling of the red border of the lips. Actinic cheilitis is diagnosed on the basis of anamnesis, symptoms detected during…



Adentia is a complete or partial absence of teeth resulting from their loss or an anomaly in the development of the dental system. The disease is characterized by a violation of the continuity of the dentition, the function of chewing and speech, a cosmetic defect; in severe cases – deformation of the facial skeleton, TMJ…

salivary gland adenoma

Salivary Gland Adenoma

Salivary gland adenoma is a benign formation that develops from the epithelial cells of the excretory ducts of the small and large salivary glands. It is accompanied by the appearance of a painless rounded node in the projection of the gland. With a significant size of the neoplasm, facial asymmetry, swelling, aching pains, skin paresthesia…

tongue abscess

Tongue Abscess

Tongue abscess is a local purulent-necrotic inflammation characterized by the formation of an abscess surrounded by an infiltrative capsule in the thickness of the tongue. Tongue abscess manifests itself as malaise, an increase in body temperature, painful swelling of the tongue, difficulty talking, eating and even breathing. Pathology is diagnosed on the basis of the signs…

salivary gland abscess

Salivary Gland Abscess

Salivary gland abscess is a limited purulent inflammation of the exocrine gland that secretes its secret (saliva) into the oral cavity. Salivary gland abscess is usually a complication of sialadenitis or sialolithiasis and has a bacterial etiology. Salivary gland abscess manifests itself by dry mouth, increased body temperature, weakness, as well as swelling, redness, shooting…

dental abscess

Dental Abscess

Dental abscess is an acute inflammatory disease of the oral cavity, which is characterized by a focal accumulation of pus in the tissues. With dental abscess there is a limited compaction and swelling of the mucous membrane, painful when touched, which is accompanied by a deterioration in general well-being and an increase in body temperature. This…

parotid abscess

Parotid Abscess

Parotid abscess is the formation of an inflammatory purulent focus in the tissues of the maxillofacial zone of the face. It is manifested by local swelling, redness and fluctuation of the skin over the focus of inflammation, facial asymmetry, difficulty and pain of swallowing, intoxication phenomena. It can develop into a diffuse inflammation – phlegmon,…