Andrology is a branch of urology dealing with the preservation of male reproductive health, as well as the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the male sexual sphere. Today, the problem of men’s health is very acute. Daily stresses, environmental problems, bad habits, irrational nutrition, a huge number of sexual infections have their sad consequences of an increase in the number of male diseases and their negative impact on the reproductive health of men. According to statistics, in almost 50% of cases, the cause of infertility of a couple lies in the male component.

Andrology has existed as an independent medical discipline for only a few decades. The importance of an andrologist for a man’s health is comparable to the importance of a gynecologist for a woman. According to the specifics of its activity, andrology is close to such branches of medicine as urology, endocrinology, venereology, surgery, sex pathology, psychotherapy.

Often men’s problems begin in childhood. So, a childhood infection of mumps transmitted by a boy, in adulthood, can lead to a formidable complication – male infertility. Therefore, andrology takes care of men’s health at all stages of a man’s life: from the period of newborn to old age.

The male sexual system is formed by the penis, scrotum with testicles and their appendages, prostate gland, vas deferens and seminal vesicles. Together, they regulate sexual function in the male body: the production of sex hormones, the formation of sperm and its excretion, the implementation of sexual intercourse.

Among the diseases of the male genital sphere, there are malformations of the genital organs (hermaphroditism, pathology of testicular development, curvature of the penis), inflammatory diseases (balanoposthitis, urethritis, prostatitis, orchitis, epididymitis), tumor lesions (prostate diseases and testicular cancer), genital injuries. All of them, to one degree or another, lead to sexual dysfunction, impaired urination, predispose to the development of androgen deficiency syndrome, in severe cases – lead to male infertility and the impossibility of sexual life.

The scope of andrology also includes the treatment of male sexual dysfunction: impotence, premature ejaculation, decreased libido. A relatively new direction of andrology is plastic genital surgery, which deals with the elimination of cosmetic defects of the male genitals.

Problems and failures in intimate life can ruin the life of any man, destroy family well-being, deprive him of faith in himself and in his masculine fullness.

Therefore, in order to maintain their health, every man should undergo a prostate examination twice a year (which is often compared to the “second heart of a man”) and a sexual infection examination by an andrologist. Such an examination is necessary because often prostate diseases and sexual infections are erased for a long time and they can only be detected when undergoing regular diagnostics.

The possibilities of andrology at the present stage are very great. Today, almost all andrological problems are amenable to successful correction, which means that every man can be active and healthy, despite the years.



Epididymo-orchitis is a combined inflammation of the testicle and its appendage of various etiologies. The acute form is characterized by a rise in body temperature to 40 °, chills, a local inflammatory reaction on the side of the lesion with redness, swelling, an increase in the size of the scrotum, a sharp pain syndrome with…

penile injuries

Penile Injuries

Penile injuries are different in their origin and severity of damage to the skin, spongy and cavernous bodies, subcutaneous tissue, fascia, muscles and the protein membrane of the penis. Symptoms of penile injuries depend on the type of injury and may include swelling, pain, bleeding, hematoma, hematuria, urination disorders. Penile injuries are diagnosed on the…

scrotal injuries

Scrotal Injuries

Scrotal injuries – damage to the testicles, appendages of the testicles, spermatic cords caused by the impact of various traumatic factors. Injuries to the organs of the scrotum are accompanied by sharp pain, painful shock, the formation of hematoma and swelling of the scrotum, sometimes open wounds, testicular prolapse, rupture and separation of the scrotum. Diagnosis…



Spermatocele is a cavity formation of a testicle or its appendage, limited by a fibrous membrane and containing seminal fluid, spermatocytes and spermatozoa. Due to its small size and slow growth, it usually proceeds asymptomatically, in rare cases there is pressure and painful sensations in the scrotum. The main diagnostic methods are examination and palpation…

decreased libido

Decreased Libido

Decreased libido is a disorder of sexual function characterized by the lack of expression of sexual desire. A decrease in sexual desire can be caused by general diseases of the body, neurotic disorders, endocrine disorders, side effects of certain medications, congenital pathology, prolonged sexual abstinence, etc. Leads to a violation of regular sexual activity, the…

scrotal elephantiasis

Scrotal Elephantiasis

Scrotal elephantiasis is a chronic pathology caused by a violation of the drainage work of the lymphatic system, leading to massive edema of the scrotal skin, fiber, and interstitial tissue. The main symptoms are enlargement of the scrotum and skin changes: hyperpigmentation, keratinization, dryness. The patient complains of a feeling of bursting, sexual function suffers. Diagnostics…

buried penis

Buried Penis

Buried penis is a congenital or acquired condition in which the male genital organ has normal dimensions, but is hidden in the tissues of the scrotum or subcutaneous fat. The degree of severity of this pathology is variable, clinical manifestations depend on it: when the penis is completely immersed, urination occurs according to the female…

prostate sclerosis

Prostate Sclerosis

Prostate sclerosis is a progressive condition, the final stage of inflammatory diseases of the prostate, characterized by excessive accumulation of collagen with compaction of the organ tissue. The main manifestations are obstructive symptoms of the lower urinary tract due to narrowing of the urethra, impaired sexual function. Ultrasound, cystourethrography, prostate MRI, and biopsy are used…

chronic pelvic pain syndrome in men

Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome in Men

Chronic pelvic pain syndrome in men (CPPS) is a persistent or recurrent local pain in the pelvis that persists for 3 months over the past six months, not associated with an infectious process. Along with pain, symptoms are represented by discomfort in the perineum, sluggishness of the urine stream, frequent urge to urinate, sexual dysfunction.…

acute scrotum syndrome

Acute Scrotum Syndrome

Acute scrotum syndrome is a group of urgent conditions accompanied by the accumulation of effusion in the tissues of the scrotum. Symptoms include enlargement of the scrotum, pain with irradiation in the groin, hyperemia of the skin, temperature reaction. The gold standard of diagnostics is ultrasound, which can be supplemented with Dopplerography and diaphanoscopy, with…