Venereology as a field of medical science studies sexually transmitted infections (STIs): their clinic, diagnosis, treatment methods and prevention. Currently, the term “sexually transmitted diseases” has given way to a broader concept – sexually transmitted diseases (infections) (STDs, STIs). Today, sexually transmitted diseases occupy one of the first places in terms of prevalence, second only to colds. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can be infected by anyone – regardless of gender, age and nationality.

STDs include classic pentaborane (syphilis, gonorrhea, inguinal lymphogranulomatosis, soft chancre, venereal granuloma) and other genital infections (viral infections: HIV, human papillomavirus and cytomegalovirus infection, genital herpes; urogenital infections: candidiasis, chlamydia, gardnerellosis, ureaplasma infections, trichomoniasis; parasitic infection, molluscum contagiosum, pubic lice, etc.).
Often the diagnosis and treatment of these diseases is engaged in other medical disciplines that are closely related venereology: dermatology, gynecology and urology.

The mucous membranes of the genitals, urethra, and anus are an ideal environment for the habitat and reproduction of bacteria, viruses, and fungi with high adaptability. With the blood flow and lymph flow, the pathogens of venereal diseases spread to other organs and tissues. Untimely treatment, self-medication lead to advanced forms of STDs, often to generalized damage to the body.

Complications of sexually transmitted diseases in both men and women often lead to dangerous and tragic consequences: the development of chronic inflammatory processes of the genitourinary sphere, infertility, disorders of sexual function, oncological diseases.

In addition, STDs increase the likelihood of HIV transmission between sexual partners.

Often, sexual infections occur obliterated, without pronounced symptoms, becoming aggravated only with a decrease in immunity. Therefore, after any accidental unprotected sexual contacts (vaginal, oral, anal), it is necessary to be examined by a venereologist for the diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections.

Alertness and an immediate visit to a venereologist should cause the appearance of the following symptoms: the presence of pathological discharge from the genitourinary tract, sensations of itching, pain, burning and pain in the urethra, rashes on the trunk and in the genital area, enlarged lymph nodes. In addition, the detection of STIs in one of the sexual partners should serve as a reason for the examination of the other.
To date, most sexually transmitted diseases are curable.

Modern tactics of STD diagnosis and treatment are based on the use of specific and highly effective methods of laboratory diagnostics (DNA and PIF diagnostics, bacteriological and microscopic studies), diagnostic procedures (urethroscopy, cystoscopy, colposcopy, ultrasound) and complex treatment (local, antibacterial, immuno-enzyme, physiotherapy).
Timely treatment of STIs will help prevent the development of complications, significantly reduce the time of cure, and help avoid relapses of the disease.

Sexually transmitted diseases are a serious psychological and social problem. Often in the minds of ordinary people they seem to be something shameful, condemned by society. Remember – there are no shameful diseases. Leave prejudices and take care of your health and the health of your closest people in a timely manner. Regain the joy of a full life.

primary syphilis

Primary Syphilis

Primary syphilis is the first stage of syphilis that occurs after infection with pale treponema and begins with skin manifestations at the site of its introduction. It is characterized by the appearance of a solid chancre (primary syphiloma) on the skin or mucosa, followed by the development of regional lymphangitis and lymphadenitis. When the elements…

venereal lymphogranuloma

Venereal Lymphogranuloma

Venereal lymphogranuloma is a chronic purulent—inflammatory lesion of the lymph nodes caused by chlamydia infection. Venereal lymphogranuloma begins with the formation and healing of erosion, after which purulent inflammation of regional (more often inguinal) lymph nodes occurs, ending with their opening and scarring. In the diagnosis of venereal lymphogranuloma, detection of the pathogen by bacposev,…



Neurosyphilis is an infectious lesion of the central nervous system caused by the penetration of syphilis pathogens into it. It can occur in any period of syphilis. Disease is manifested by symptoms of meningitis, meningovascular pathology, meningomyelitis, lesions of the posterior cord and spinal cord roots, progressive paralysis or focal brain damage due to the…



Condyloma are a type of viral warts, which are soft papillary formations on the leg, prone to fusion. Merging, they form colonies, outwardly resembling the appearance of cauliflower. They occur more often in the anogenital region. They cause discomfort in the genital area, psychological inconvenience, sexual problems. Traumatization of condyloma leads to their infection and is…



Candidiasis is a fungal disease that mainly affects the skin and mucous membranes, less often internal organs. There are candidiasis of the respiratory, digestive, and genitourinary systems. With a sharp weakening of immunity, generalized candidiasis (candidiasis sepsis) may develop. Genitourinary disease in men is manifested by inflammation of the penis (redness, swelling, greyish coating and…

Gonorrhea in women

Gonorrhea in Women

Gonorrhea in women is a specific infection caused by the gram–negative microorganism Neisseria gonorrhoeae and affecting the mucous membrane of the genitourinary tract, rectum, oral cavity, pharynx. The genitourinary form is manifested by purulent discharge from the vagina with an unpleasant odor, dysuria, pulling abdominal pain, itching and soreness in the area of the external…



Gonorrhea is a venereal infection that causes damage to the mucous membranes of organs lined with cylindrical epithelium: urethra, uterus, rectum, pharynx, conjunctiva of the eyes. It belongs to the group of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), the causative agent is gonococcus. It is characterized by mucous and purulent discharge from the urethra or vagina, pain…

Giant Buschke-Levenstein condyloma

Giant Buschke-Levenstein condyloma

Giant Buschke-Levenstein condyloma (carcinoma-like genital warts) is a type of genital warts characterized by progressive growth, large size and persistent recurrence after treatment. It is characterized by pronounced exophytic and endophytic growth with destruction of surrounding tissues, the possibility of degeneration into squamous cell skin cancer. The diagnosis of giant Buschke-Levenstein condyloma is based on…

genital herpes

Genital Herpes

Genital herpes is a viral lesion of the mucous membrane of the genital organs, characterized by the appearance of a group of bubbles, and then erosions and ulcers. It is accompanied by a local burning sensation, swelling, hyperemia, an increase in inguinal lymph nodes and intoxication phenomena. It is prone to relapses and can subsequently…

Secondary syphilis

Secondary Syphilis

Secondary syphilis is the period following the primary syphilis, which is characterized by a disseminated rash with a large polymorphism of elements (roseoli, papules, vesicles, pustules), damage to somatic organs, musculoskeletal system, nervous system and generalized lymphadenitis. Diagnosis is carried out by detecting pale treponema in the separated skin elements, punctate lymph nodes and spinal…