organophosphate poisoning

Organophosphate Poisoning

Organophosphate poisoning is an acute intoxication that occurs during inhalation, transdermal or oral ingestion of certain insecticides (carbophos, chlorophos, thiophos) or chemical warfare agents (sarin, soman, VI-gases). Main signs: miosis, pain in the eye area, vomiting, increased sweating, abdominal pain and chest soreness, bradycardia, ataxia, respiratory paralysis, convulsions. Pathology is diagnosed on the basis of…

phenol poisoning

Phenol Poisoning

Phenol poisoning is an acute or chronic intoxication provoked by inhalation of vapors of a substance, its fine dust formed during condensation of vapors, as well as the ingestion of a toxicant on the skin. The symptoms depend on the type of compound. The most common signs are cough, dizziness, burns of the respiratory tract,…

vinegar poisoning

Vinegar Poisoning

Vinegar poisoning is a chemical lesion provoked by the ingestion of concentrated acetic acid (CH3COOH) inside and /or arising from intoxication with vapors of this substance. The main clinical manifestations are visible burn marks on the face and mouth, swelling of the larynx, vomiting of blood, severe soreness, shock, kidney failure. The diagnosis is established…

carbon monoxide poisoning

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Carbon monoxide poisoning is a pathological condition that occurs when inhaling carbon monoxide–saturated air or smoke. The clinical picture is dominated by disorders of the central nervous system, respiratory and cardiovascular insufficiency. A characteristic sign of poisoning is a bright hyperemia of the skin. The diagnosis is established on the basis of anamnesis, clinical manifestations,…

thallium poisoning

Thallium Poisoning

Thallium poisoning is a symptom complex that occurs as a result of ingestion of heavy metal salts into the body. In the early period of intoxication, dyspeptic syndrome, respiratory and cardiovascular disorders develop. Then neurological symptoms are added: paresthesia in the extremities, myalgia, convulsions, hallucinations. A characteristic sign of thallium intoxication is diffuse alopecia. The…

surrogate alcohol poisoning

Surrogate Alcohol Poisoning

Surrogate alcohol poisoning is intoxication caused by the use of ethyl alcohol containing various impurities, or other monatomic and polyatomic alcohols. It usually occurs in patients suffering from alcoholism. Poisoning with alcohol surrogates can be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, hyperthermia, convulsions, loss of vision. Psychosis and acute renal failure may develop. There is a…

Hydrogen Sulfide Poisoning

Hydrogen Sulfide Poisoning

Hydrogen sulfide poisoning is an acute inhalation intoxication that occurs with a high concentration of gas in the inhaled air. The main clinical symptoms are lacrimation, headache, chest tightness, nausea. In severe cases, seizures, disorders of consciousness, toxic pulmonary edema, hallucinations develop. The diagnosis is established on the basis of anamnesis, the available clinical picture.…

cardiac glycosides poisoning

Cardiac Glycosides Poisoning

Cardiac glycosides poisoning is an acute drug intoxication provoked by at least twice the dose of the drug. The main clinical manifestations include bradycardia, extrasystole, decreased myocardial contractility, nausea, weakness, change in color perception, abdominal and cardiac pain, diarrhea. It is diagnosed according to the data obtained during the collection of anamnesis, information provided by…

lead poisoning

Lead Poisoning

Lead poisoning is intoxication caused by the ingestion of this element into the body by oral or inhalation. Signs of the acute form are gastrointestinal syndrome, general and focal neurological symptoms, toxic phenomena, impaired consciousness. Chronic varieties lead to a decrease in appetite, malaise, a weakening of intelligence, a change in the psycho-emotional state. Pathology…