Venereology as a field of medical science studies sexually transmitted infections (STIs): their clinic, diagnosis, treatment methods and prevention. Currently, the term “sexually transmitted diseases” has given way to a broader concept – sexually transmitted diseases (infections) (STDs, STIs). Today, sexually transmitted diseases occupy one of the first places in terms of prevalence, second only to colds. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can be infected by anyone – regardless of gender, age and nationality.

STDs include classic pentaborane (syphilis, gonorrhea, inguinal lymphogranulomatosis, soft chancre, venereal granuloma) and other genital infections (viral infections: HIV, human papillomavirus and cytomegalovirus infection, genital herpes; urogenital infections: candidiasis, chlamydia, gardnerellosis, ureaplasma infections, trichomoniasis; parasitic infection, molluscum contagiosum, pubic lice, etc.).
Often the diagnosis and treatment of these diseases is engaged in other medical disciplines that are closely related venereology: dermatology, gynecology and urology.

The mucous membranes of the genitals, urethra, and anus are an ideal environment for the habitat and reproduction of bacteria, viruses, and fungi with high adaptability. With the blood flow and lymph flow, the pathogens of venereal diseases spread to other organs and tissues. Untimely treatment, self-medication lead to advanced forms of STDs, often to generalized damage to the body.

Complications of sexually transmitted diseases in both men and women often lead to dangerous and tragic consequences: the development of chronic inflammatory processes of the genitourinary sphere, infertility, disorders of sexual function, oncological diseases.

In addition, STDs increase the likelihood of HIV transmission between sexual partners.

Often, sexual infections occur obliterated, without pronounced symptoms, becoming aggravated only with a decrease in immunity. Therefore, after any accidental unprotected sexual contacts (vaginal, oral, anal), it is necessary to be examined by a venereologist for the diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections.

Alertness and an immediate visit to a venereologist should cause the appearance of the following symptoms: the presence of pathological discharge from the genitourinary tract, sensations of itching, pain, burning and pain in the urethra, rashes on the trunk and in the genital area, enlarged lymph nodes. In addition, the detection of STIs in one of the sexual partners should serve as a reason for the examination of the other.
To date, most sexually transmitted diseases are curable.

Modern tactics of STD diagnosis and treatment are based on the use of specific and highly effective methods of laboratory diagnostics (DNA and PIF diagnostics, bacteriological and microscopic studies), diagnostic procedures (urethroscopy, cystoscopy, colposcopy, ultrasound) and complex treatment (local, antibacterial, immuno-enzyme, physiotherapy).
Timely treatment of STIs will help prevent the development of complications, significantly reduce the time of cure, and help avoid relapses of the disease.

Sexually transmitted diseases are a serious psychological and social problem. Often in the minds of ordinary people they seem to be something shameful, condemned by society. Remember – there are no shameful diseases. Leave prejudices and take care of your health and the health of your closest people in a timely manner. Regain the joy of a full life.



Chancroid is a sexually transmitted infectious disease, less often ‒ with contact and household interactions. Pathognomonic symptoms are considered painful, soft genital or extragenital ulcers, as well as damage to regional lymph nodes. Diagnostic methods for detecting the pathogen are bacterioscopic, cultural, molecular genetic studies. Therapeutic measures for chancroid are reduced to the appointment of…

chlamydia in women

Chlamydia in Women

Chlamydia in women is a urogenital venereal disease caused by chlamydia. More than half of the cases are asymptomatic. With a manifest course or relapse, patients may complain of itching in the vagina, pain during urination, mucous or purulent-mucous whiteness, pain in the lower abdomen, lower back, groin area. With prolonged persistence of the disease,…



Chlamydia is a group of infections caused by various types of chlamydia. They affect the respiratory, cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, genitourinary systems, organs of vision. Urogenital chlamydia has manifestations of inflammatory diseases: urethritis, prostatitis, cystitis, vulvovaginitis, cervicitis, erosion, endometritis and is detected only by specific diagnostic methods. A characteristic symptom is vitreous discharge from the genitourinary tract.…

ureaplasma in men

Ureaplasma in Men

Ureaplasma in men is an inflammatory disease of the genitourinary tract. This disease refers to sexually transmitted infections. Symptoms are usually absent; the most frequent manifestations are fever of varying severity, urinary disorders, sexual dysfunction and infertility. Diagnosis is based on the detection of the pathogen in the scraping of the urethra, urine or prostate…

ureaplasma infections

Ureaplasma Infections

Ureaplasma infections are diseases, mainly of the genitourinary system, caused by different pathogens, but having a similar clinical picture. Men show symptoms of urethritis. In women, they cause symptoms of paraurethritis and vulvitis, the formation of pseudoerosion of the cervix. In the absence of treatment, inflammation quickly turns into a chronic form with periodic exacerbations.…



Trichomoniasis is a sexual infection that causes inflammation of the genitourinary system. It is manifested by signs of colpitis, urethritis, cystitis, proctitis. It is often combined with other genital infections: chlamydia, gonorrhea, mycoplasma, candidiasis, etc. In the acute stage, there is abundant vaginal discharge, itching and burning – in women and soreness during urination –…

tertiary syphilis

Tertiary Syphilis

Tertiary syphilis is the third period of syphilis that develops in insufficiently treated patients or patients who have not been treated at all. It is manifested by the formation of syphilitic infiltrates (granulomas) in the skin, mucous membranes, bones and internal organs. Granulomas compress and destroy the tissues in which they are located, which can…

latent syphilis

Latent Syphilis

Latent syphilis is a variant of the development of syphilitic infection, in which no clinical manifestations of the disease are detected, but positive laboratory results for syphilis are observed. The diagnosis is complex and is based on anamnesis data, the results of a thorough examination of the patient, positive specific reactions to syphilis (TPI, RPR…

syphilis eye

Syphilis Eye

Syphilis eye and its appendages is a lesion of the organ of vision caused by infection with pale treponema. The clinical picture is determined by the localization of pathological foci. When the anterior part of the eyes is affected, hard chancres, gummas are detected, which leads to increased lacrimation, pain, hyperemia, photophobia. The symptoms of…



Syphilis is a venereal disease that has a long undulating course and affects all organs. The clinic of the disease begins with the occurrence of a solid chancre infection (primary syphiloma) at the site of infection, an increase in regional and then distant lymph nodes. It is characterized by the appearance of syphilitic rashes on…