chiari malformation

Chiari Malformation

Chiari malformation (Arnold-Chiari syndrome) is a disease in which the brain structures located in the posterior cranial fossa are lowered in the caudal direction and exit through the large occipital foramen. Depending on the type, Chiari malformation can manifest itself as headache in the back of the head, pain in the cervical region, dizziness, nystagmus,…

brain malformations

Brain Malformations

Brain malformations are the result of disorders occurring in the intrauterine period of the formation of individual cerebral structures or the brain as a whole. They often have nonspecific clinical symptoms: mainly epileptic syndrome, mental and mental retardation. The severity of the clinic directly correlates with the degree of brain damage. They are diagnosed antenatally…

cerebral aneurysm

Cerebral Aneurysm

Cerebral aneurysm are pathological local protrusions of the walls of the arterial vessels of the brain. With a tumor-like course, a cerebral aneurysm simulates a clinic of volumetric formation with damage to the optic, trigeminal and oculomotor nerves. With apoplexy, an aneurysm of the cerebral vessels manifests itself as symptoms of subarachnoid or intracerebral hemorrhage, which…

angioneurosis

Angioneurosis

Angioneurosis is a group of peripheral vascular diseases caused by a local violation of the regulation of vascular tone. The main clinical symptoms are pain, discoloration, temperature, sensitivity and trophic skin of the affected area. In the process of diagnosis, they rely on clinical data, the results of hemodynamic and microcirculatory studies (angiography, ultrasound, capillaroscopy,…

amusia

Amusia

Amusia is an innate or acquired inability to perceive and reproduce musical rhythms, melodies. Patients with amusia lose the ability to master musical notation, cannot perform vocal parts and instrumental compositions, do not recognize familiar melodies. Oral speech is preserved at the same time. Diagnostic examination includes neuroimaging studies (brain CT or MRI), assessment of…

amnesia

Amnesia

Amnesia is a pathological loss of memories of current or past life circumstances. It is included in the symptoms of neurological diseases, mental disorders, acute poisoning, chronic intoxication. The diagnostic process takes into account clinical data, the results of neurological and mental examination, EEG, MRI, CT, blood test, analysis of cerebrospinal fluid. Treatment is carried…

kugelberg velander disease

Kugelberg Velander Disease

Kugelberg Velander disease is a spinal muscular atrophy characterized by late development and the most benign course. Characterized by atrophy of the muscles of the pelvic girdle and hips, followed by the addition of atrophy of the shoulder girdle and shoulders, a combination of muscle weakness and hypotension with fascicular twitching, the presence of pseudohypertrophy.…

werdnig hoffmann disease

Werdnig Hoffmann Disease

Werdnig Hoffmann disease is the most malignant spinal muscular atrophy that develops from birth or in the first 1-1.5 years of a child’s life. It is characterized by increasing diffuse muscular atrophy, accompanied by sluggish paresis, progressing to complete plegia. As a rule, Werdnig Hoffmann disease is combined with bone deformities and congenital malformations. The diagnostic…