myelopathy

Myelopathy

Myelopathy is a generalized concept used in neurology to designate spinal cord lesions of various etiologies, usually having a chronic course. Clinically, they can manifest as disorders of muscle strength and tone, various sensory disorders, pelvic organ dysfunction. The task of diagnostic search in myelopathy is to identify the causal disease. For this purpose, spine…

myelitis

Myelitis

Myelitis is a common name for any inflammatory processes of the spinal cord. Symptoms directly depend on the level and degree of the lesion; most often it is pain (its irradiation), paralysis, pelvic dysfunction, sensitivity disorders, and others. Diagnosis of myelitis includes a neurological examination and evaluation of the parameters of cerebrospinal fluid taken for…

migraine with aura

Migraine with Aura

Migraine with aura is a paroxysmal primary cephalgia, before the appearance of which visual disturbances, disorders of the sensitive sphere or speech are observed. It differs from a simple migraine that occurs 10-60 minutes before the headache and disappears before its appearance with bright dots, lightning, dark or light spots in the eyes, distortion of…

migraine

Migraine

Migraine is the primary episodic form of headache, manifested by intense, paroxysmal headaches (more often unilateral) with a combination of neurological, vegetative and gastrointestinal manifestations. It usually appears for the first time at the age of 12 to 22 years. It ranks second in frequency after tension headache. Often a migraine attack occurs after some…

status migrainosus

Status Migrainosus

Status migrainosus is a severe migraine paroxysm or a continuous series of migraine attacks lasting more than 3 days. It is characterized by a pronounced intensity of pain syndrome, repeated vomiting, weakness, hyperesthesia, adynamia. It is diagnosed on the basis of clinical criteria after the exclusion of organic brain disease using Echo-EG, EEG, REG, cerebral…

migraine stroke

Migraine Stroke

Migraine stroke is an acute violation of cerebral circulation caused by vascular disorders accompanying migraine paroxysm. In typical cases, it is characterized by the persistence of migraine aura symptoms for more than 1 hour. Neurological deficit is represented by visual, speech, sensitivity, and motor disorders. Diagnosis is aimed at establishing a connection between stroke and…

myasthenia gravis

Myasthenia Gravis

Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disease that causes muscle weakness due to impaired neuromuscular transmission. Most often, the work of the muscles of the eyes, facial and masticatory muscles is disrupted, sometimes the respiratory muscles. This determines the symptoms characteristic of myasthenia gravis: drooping of the lower eyelid, nasal voice, swallowing and chewing disorders. The…

Meteosensitivity

Meteosensitivity is a violation of the body’s adaptation to changes in weather conditions. It occurs with vascular dystonia, chronic diseases, and the consequences of injuries. It is manifested on the eve and during the period of a sharp change in meteorological factors by deterioration of well-being, cephalgia, blood pressure drops, shortness of breath, autonomic dysfunction,…

metastatic brain tumors

Metastatic Brain Tumors

Metastatic brain tumors are secondary foci that arise due to local aggressive growth, hematogenous and lymphogenic metastasis of malignant neoplasms of other localizations. In 30% of patients, they are asymptomatic. In other cases, brain tumors manifest themselves as headaches, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, focal symptoms, mental and emotional disorders. When the spinal cord is affected, pain,…