neurorheumatism

Neurorheumatism

Neurorheumatism is a rheumatic process in the tissues of the central and peripheral nervous system. It is manifested by symptoms of encephalitis, meningitis, myelitis, arachnoiditis, sciatica, neuritis. The leading clinical form is small chorea. Neurorheumatism is diagnosed by a neurologist and a rheumatologist taking into account laboratory data, electroencephalography, CT/MRI of cerebral structures, and cerebrospinal…

neuromyotonia

Neuromyotonia

Neuromyotonia is an autoimmune neuromuscular disease that occurs in response to a malfunction of the potassium ion channels. Pathology develops with myasthenia gravis, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, collagenoses, and also as a component of paraneoplastic syndrome. The main symptoms include uncontrolled muscle twitching, muscle rigidity, hyporeflexia. Electromyography, muscle biopsy, immunological and genetic studies are used for diagnosis.…

neuroleukosis

Neuroleukosis

Neuroleukosis is a complicating leukemia lesion of the nervous system caused by infiltration of nervous structures by leukemic cells. It is manifested by a meningeal symptom complex, signs of intracranial hypertension, focal neurological deficit, peripheral nerve dysfunction. The diagnosis of “neuroleukosis” is established according to neurological examination, analysis of cerebrospinal fluid, cerebral tomography, craniography, examination…

neurocovid

Neurocovid

Neurocovid is an unofficial name for lesions of the central and peripheral nervous system in COVID–19. The condition is caused by both the direct damaging effect of the coronavirus and indirect systemic disorders of the body. Pathology has polymorphic manifestations: asthenic syndrome, psychoemotional disorders, cognitive deficits. Severe forms of neurocovid are characterized by disorders of…

neurocardiogenic syncope

Neurocardiogenic Syncope

Neurocardiogenic syncope is a group of clinical syndromes associated with the pathological reflex effect of the autonomic nervous system on the regulation of vascular tone and heart rhythm. Characterized by short-term loss of consciousness caused by acute arterial hypotension and /or slowing of the pulse, occur with parasyncopal symptoms, accompanied by an increased risk of…

neurogenic shock

Neurogenic Shock

Neurogenic shock is an acute circulatory failure that occurs due to a sudden loss of sympathetic regulation of vascular tone when the nervous system is damaged. The most characteristic signs of pathology are hypotension, relative bradycardia, hyperemia and hyperthermia of the skin of the extremities. Severe shock is accompanied by respiratory and consciousness disorders, neurological…

neurovascular conflict

Neurovascular Conflict

Neurovascular conflict is compression and dysfunction of the cranial nerve due to its contact with a nearby vessel. Most often in practice there is damage to the trigeminal, facial nerve, less often there is compression of other pairs of CN, in addition to the olfactory. The clinical picture depends on the affected nerve, the degree…

neurobrucellosis

Neurobrucellosis

Neurobrucellosis is a pathology of the nervous system that occurs against the background of brucellosis infection. The clinical picture is polymorphic, depending on the localization of the pathological process, it is represented by neuritis, radiculitis, meningitis, encephalitis, myelitis. Neurobrucellosis is diagnosed on the basis of an epidemiological history, neurological examination, bacteriological, serological studies, analysis of…

neuroacanthocytosis

Neuroacanthocytosis

Neuroacanthocytosis is a genetically determined degenerative brain lesion combined with a change in the shape of red blood cells (acanthocytosis). The clinic is dominated by extrapyramidal disorders of the motor sphere (hyperkinesis, Parkinsonism), mental, cognitive abnormalities, axonal polyneuropathy. Neuroacanthocytosis is diagnosed according to neurological, ophthalmological, neuropsychological, genetic examination when acanthocytes are detected in a blood…